The Seasons

An Icelandic reckoning of the seasons and months of the year, according to Snorri Sturluson (1179-1241):

From the equinox it is autumn until the sun sets in the position of none. Then it is winter until the equinox. Then it is spring until the moving days. Then it is summer until the equinox. Harvest-month is the name of the last one before winter, slaughter-month is the name of the first one in winter, then it is frost-month, then ram-month, then Thorri, then Goi, then single-month, then cuckoo-month and seed-time, then egg-time and lamb-fold-time, then it is sun-month and shieling-month, then there is hay-making, then it is the month of corn-reaping.

— Snorri Sturluson, Edda, (Skáldskaparmál), translated and edited by Anthony Faulkes

Frá jafndægri er haust, til þess er sól sezt í eykðarstað. Þá er vetr til jafndægris. Þá er vár til fardaga. Þá er sumar til jafndægris. Haustmánuðr heitir inn næsti fyrir vetr, fyrstr í vetri heitir gormánuðr, þá er frermánuðr, þá er hrútmánuðr, þá er þorri, þá gói, þá einmánuðr, þá gaukmánuðr ok sáðtíð, þá eggtíð ok stekktíð, þá er sólmánuðr ok selmánuðr, þá eru heyannir, þá er kornskurðarmánuðr.

— Snorri Sturluson, Edda, (Skáldskaparmál), edited by Guðni Jónsson

The hour of none (or eykðarstað) was the ninth hour of the Medieval day, around 3:00 p.m. In Iceland the sun sets around this time at the winter solstice. The Icelandic “moving days” (or fardagar) are four successive days at the end of May during which it was legal for a person to change his residence.

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